Why does the Commission suggest to check all EU citizens against Interpol’s Stolen and Lost Travel Documents database (SLTD) and the Schengen Information Systemsecurity database? The draft regulation is one of Europe's answers to recent terrorist attacks in Paris and Brussels. With this the Commission also hopes to combat terrorist “foreign fighters” (often EU citizens), irregular migration and human trafficking.
The Commission suggests to systematically check all EU citizens against EU-wide and national internal security databases. On the one hand it could make it easier to identify travellers who are claiming a wrong identity. In other words: Making Europe a safer place through more checks at its external borders, especially during times of large groups of migrants entering the EU. This also means: Giving up privacy as well as some of our comforts and time, with longer queues at the borders, in order to save lives (see this statement from Parlamentarians).
So the whole insanly long and winded name of this bill is: "Schengen Borders Code: reinforcement of checks against relevant databases at external borders". What's in it?
Basically: All EU citizens (even though they usually enjoy the right of freedom of movement) will have to be checked thoroughly on the external EU borders against massive databases in Europe (e.g. also paying more attention to possibly fake biometric information). Up to now there were "minimum" checks with more "thorough" checks in case the entering person seemed suspicious. Not to slow down the entry process too much, the Commission allows for "targeted" checks as long as the national authorities can make sure that national security is not at risk. Additionally: Third country nationals will even be checked when they leave the EU borders.
The proposed system will allow for the effective management of authorised short-stays, increased automation at border-controls, and improved detection of document and identity fraud, according to the Commission.
The system will apply to all non-EU citizens who are admitted for a short stay in the Schengen area (maximum 90 days in any 180-day period).- See more at: http://www.novinite.com/articles/173907/EU+Proposes+Entry-Exit+System+to+Boost+Border+Control+Efficiency#sthash.ULiSguc8.dpuf
The dossier was dealt with in the Parliament's Civil Liberties and Home Affairs Committee, which backed the proposal. The Council was especially quick this time and already agreed on a position in February 2016. A year later the Parliament adopted the regulation, the Council followed shortly after. The text was published in the EU Official Journal on 18 March 2017 and entered into force 20 days later.
Creating a European Border and Coast Guard
An Entry-Exit System for External European Borders
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