The flow of people entering and leaving the European Union from third countries is increasing. On the one hand, these are travellers and students, on the other we're obviously talking about immigration as well here. The European Commission estimates that each year around 300 million people cross the EU's external borders and an increase of 80% is expected by 2030 for air passengers alone. This is why the Commission thought that the EU border management needs a technology update to create an automated border control system - the EES (Entry/Exit system).
This is a classic case of "security vs. freedom". The new system is supposed to reinforce internal security and the fight against terrorism. Because of the latest events in Europe this seems appropriate. Yet, in most cases, security comes at a price: the collection of personal and biometric data and restrictions of personal freedom. So which do you judge more important? If you are actually entering and leaving the EU on a regular basis this proposal might avoid long queues at the border and make control procedures faster and more reliable.
The proposal by EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos is part of the wider EU Smart Borders Package. The EES would replace the current procedure of manually stamping the passports of people from outside the EU when entering and exiting the Schengen area. Currently, there are no electronic tools to verify or share this information. The electronic registration would then allow to automatically calculate how long a certain person is allowed to stay and to alert the authorities in case someone stays too long.
The system will register the name, type of travel document and biometrics - meaning fingerprints and an image of your face - and the date and place of entry and exit as well as refusals of entry. And it shall help detecting document and identity fraud. The EES will apply to all non-EU citizens who are in the Schengen area for a short stay (maximum 90 days in any 180-day period). While the initial proposal does not forsee the access of law enforcement authorities - such as Europol and national police - to the collected data, this possibility would be considered two years after the launch of the EES (have a quick overview on the system in this factsheet).
MEPs mostly backed the EU Commission’s proposal. However, they say data should be stored for only two years, and not five as proposed by Commission. Yet, in the end, negotiators agreed in trilogue to store the data for five years.
The proposed system will allow for the effective management of authorised short-stays, increased automation at border-controls, and improved detection of document and identity fraud, according to the Commission.
The system will apply to all non-EU citizens who are admitted for a short stay in the Schengen area (maximum 90 days in any 180-day period).- See more at: http://www.novinite.com/articles/173907/EU+Proposes+Entry-Exit+System+to+Boost+Border+Control+Efficiency#sthash.ULiSguc8.dpuf
The work in the European Parliament and the Council is nearly finished. In February 2017 the responsible Civil Liberties Committee in the EP agreed on its report, the Council's position followed shortly after. Negotiations were wrapped up with an informal agreement at the end of June 2017, which was formally confirmed by a vote in Parliament in late October 2017 and by Council in November 2017. Council and Parliament now need to sign the adopted regulation. The signed text will be published in the EU Official Journal and will enter into force 20 days later.
Creating a European Border and Coast Guard
Use of Flight Passenger Data
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