Health is a fundamental human right crucial for the exercise of other human rights. Every year almost 300.000 women die during pregnancy or child birth. Millions of young people are living with HIV and fail to access sexual and reproductive health and HIV services. Edite Estrela, a Socialist Portugese MEP, presented this report to the Parliament for the final vote in December 2013 and was rejected. This report would have had no legal effects but nonetheless caused heated debates.
Edite Estrela and part of the Civil Liberties Committee wanted to establish a progressive position that promotes gender equality, control over one's own real and free reproductive choices and sexuality free from any coercion and discrimination.
This resolution calls upon Member States to provide quality sexual and reproductive health services adapted to the needs of specific groups. Sexuality education should be compulsory in all primary and secondary schools and should fight against stereotypes, prejudices and all forms of gender violence.
Additionally, reproductive choices and fertility services should be provided on a non-discriminatory basis, which include single women and lesbians. Member States should also provide access to contraception and safe abortion services. Religion-based hospitals shall not deny abortion to anyone seeking it.
This report might have compromised the subsidiarity principle and therefore a majority coalition of conservatives rejected this resolution in its final vote in December 2013. Instead they voted in favour of a competing resolution: “The formulation and implementation of policies on sexual and reproductive health and rights and on sex education in schools is a competence of the Member States.” So no European standards for that matter.
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Strategy Against Discrimination of LGBTI Persons
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